The map highlights the intersection of actors and institutions that maintain, govern and use identification systems in Kenya, and how their “overlapping and complementary” interests help define who other players in the space are as well as how they interact with one another in a nuanced way.
Schoemaker, Kirk and Rutenberg also outline how vital the national ID, Huduman Namba and digital credit are to Kenyans’ participation in political and economic life.
Through their analysis of the wider Kenyan ecosystem, the trio recommend development organizations and civil society could do more to use their influence and technical expertise to nudge the Kenyan system in the direction of “Good ID”.

Explore latest publications